Heart Health wordbook: What Is a Heart Attack?

Angina

Angina (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) is hurting or discomfort that happens if a vicinity of your muscle does not get enough oxygen-rich blood. it's going to desire pressure or squeeze in your chest. The pain can also occur in your shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Angina pain might even desire stomach upset.

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Arrhythmia

An cardiac arrhythmia (ah-RITH-me-ah) may be a downside with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. throughout associate degree cardiac arrhythmia, the guts will beat too quick, too slow, or with associate degree irregular rhythm.Anatomy of the guts showing atria, ventricles, and blood vessels

Arteriosclerosis

Arteriosclerosis (ahr-teer-ee-o-skluh-roh-sis) is once the big arteries become stiffer and fewer elastic as you mature. These changes square measure caused by deposits of albuminoid and connective tissue furthermore as a decrease within the molecules that build the blood vessel wall versatile and elastic. These changes lead to high pressure level, that will increase the chance of coronary cardiovascular disease, heart attacks, failure, stroke, and illness of the kidneys, brain, and eyes.

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Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis (ath-uh-roh-skluh-roh-sis), that may be a style of induration of the arteries, describes the buildup of plaque inside the blood vessel wall. Arteries square measure blood vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood to your heart and alternative components of your body. whereas aging changes, like induration of the arteries (or enhanced blood vessel stiffness), increase the chance of coronary-artery disease, aging changes don't directly cause coronary-artery disease.

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Cardiovascular illness

Cardiovascular disease is that the term for every type of diseases that have an effect on the guts or blood vessels, as well as coronary cardiovascular disease (plaque accumulation in arteries), which may cause heart attacks, stroke, failure, and peripheral artery illness.

Coronary cardiovascular disease

Coronary {heart illness|heart condition|cardiopathy|cardiovascular illness} (CHD) (also called arterial blood vessel disease or heart disease) may be a disease during which a waxy substance referred to as plaque builds up within the coronary arteries. These arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to your muscle.

COVID-19 and heart conditions

Older adults will be additional doubtless to expertise additional severe symptoms from COVID-19. Some symptoms will embody issue respiratory and chest pains. If you're feeling any of those symptoms, please visit your health care supplier. Adults with heart conditions like failure, arterial blood vessel illness, cardiomyopathies (heart muscle diseases), and probably high {blood pressure|vital sign|pressure|pressure level|force per unit square measurea} (hypertension) are additional doubtless to urge severely sick from COVID-19. For additional info regarding heart conditions and COVID-19, visit the bureau. Click here to read about Health tech 


Electrocardiogram

An graph, conjointly referred to as associate degree cardiogram or cardiogram, may be a straightforward, painless check that detects and records your heart's electrical activity. This check helps to diagnose a coronary failure or cardiac arrhythmia.

High pressure level

High pressure level (also called hypertension) may be a common illness during which blood flows through blood vessels (arteries) at higher-than-normal pressures.

Stroke

A stroke happens if the flow of oxygen-rich blood to a little of the brain is blocked. while not O, brain cells begin to die once many minutes. fast hurt within the brain can also cause a stroke if it damages brain cells.

Sudden asystole

Sudden asystole (SCA) (also called asystole or fast viscus death) may be a condition during which the guts suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating. If this happens, blood stops flowing to the brain and alternative important organs. emergency procedure (CPR) ought to be started now if SCA is witnessed. the guts rhythm will be renovated by an automatic external electronic device (AED). Click here to read about Health tech 


Heart attack

A coronary failure (also called heart muscle infarction) happens once the flow of O-rich blood to a district of muscle suddenly becomes blocked and also the muscle cannot get enough oxygen. If blood flow is not renovated quickly, the section of muscle begins to die.

Heart failure

Heart failure (also called symptom heart failure) may be a condition during which the guts cannot pump enough blood to fulfill the body's desires. In some cases, the guts cannot fill with enough blood. In alternative cases, the guts cannot pump blood to the remainder of the body with enough force. Some folks have each issues.

What Is a Heart Attack?

An older man experiences crushing pain in his chest. A coronary failure happens once the flow of oxygen-rich blood in one or additional of the coronary arteries, that offer the center muscle, suddenly becomes blocked, and an area of muscle can’t get enough atomic number 8. The blockage is sometimes caused once a plaque ruptures. If blood flow isn’t remodeled quickly, either by a medication that dissolves the blockage or a tube placed among the artery that physically opens the blockage, the section of muscle begins to die.



Learn additional regarding the center Truth®, a national heart condition awareness campaign for girls from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Click here to read about Health tech 

Heart attacks area unit a number one killer of each men and ladies. Each year, over one million individuals within the us have a coronary failure, and regarding half them die. half those that die do therefore among one hour of the beginning of symptoms and before reaching the hospital.

Glossary

Look up the definitions of unknown heart health terms within the Heart Health gloss.

A coronary failure is AN emergency. Learn the warning signs of a coronary failure. The signs will include:

Crushing pain or pressure and/or discomfort or pain elsewhere within the higher body, neck, or arms

Nausea

A cold sweat

Fainting or lightheadedness

Shortness of breath

If you or somebody you recognize can be having a coronary failure, decision 9-1-1 quickly. conjointly decision 9-1-1 if you're taking prescribed drugs for angina (chest pain) and also the pain doesn’t depart as was common when you're taking the medication. you would like to require AN auto to the hospital as before long as attainable. don't attempt to drive yourself, and don't have somebody else drive you unless there's no auto service wherever you reside. whereas looking forward to the auto, the patient are often given one regular strength or baby analgesic and told to chew and swallow it if attainable.

The sooner you get to a hospital, the additional emergency medical professionals will do to prevent any heart injury and stop deadly rhythm issues, heart condition, and death. If blood flow within the blocked artery are often remodeled quickly, permanent heart injury is also prevented. Yet, many folks don't ask for treatment for two hours or additional when symptoms begin. Click here to read about Health tech 

The good news is that wonderful treatments area unit offered for heart attacks. These treatments—which work best once given right when symptoms occur—can save lives and stop disabilities.

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